The 28 member states of the European Union have approved the final text of CETA for signature, with Belgium being the last country to give its consent.  Justin Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, travelled to Brussels on October 30, 2016 to sign on behalf of Canada.  The European Parliament approved the agreement on 15 February 2017.  The agreement is subject to ratification by EU and member state legislators.   It could only enter into force if the Court of Justice of the European Communities did not issue a negative opinion on the dispute settlement procedure following a request for an opinion from Belgium.  In its opinion, the Court of Justice of the European Union found that the dispute settlement mechanism is compatible with EU law.  Pending its formal entry into force, substantial parts will be applied provisionally from 21 September 2017.  Ireland has a great opportunity because of its strengths in the services sector. Ireland has been particularly successful in increasing its share of the world services market in recent years – in fact, our share has tripled in the last 15 years – and services exports account for more than half of all Irish exports. CETA underscores our shared commitment to promoting an advanced approach to international trade by protecting the right of countries to regulate on their territory and maintaining high labour and environmental standards. In 2016, the European Commission announced that it had reached an agreement with the Canadian government to replace CETA`s ad hoc arbitration tribunals with a permanent dispute settlement tribunal.
The Tribunal will be composed of 15 members, appointed by Canada and the EU, to deal with individual cases in three panels. A complaint mechanism will be put in place to ensure the „legal correctness“ of sentences. Members of the Court may not act as experts or party lawyers in other investment matters.  On August 5, 2014, Canada and the European Union agreed on the final text of a free trade agreement. The text was received by EU Member States and Canadian provinces and territories. The EU and Canada want CETA to contribute to mutually reinforcing economic growth, social development and environmental protection. CETA therefore covers the obligations of the EU and Canada under international agreements on workers` rights as well as on environmental and climate protection. This is one of the great benefits of CETA for EU businesses. Canada has opened its government tenders to EU companies more than any of its other trading partners. Irish and European businesses will be able to offer goods and services not only at the federal level, but also to Canadian provinces and municipalities, the first non-Canadian companies to be able to do so. .